Nowadays, there are various businesses that you can live to earn income than before. Businesses that are usually popular among the community are about livestock, for some reason. Clearly, this business has already lived a lot and proved many of them are successful with business livestock. One of the businesses that interesting is the cultivation or farming of mud crabs. This livestock business is likely to still rarely run it so the prospect is still good. That is considering the need for crabs which are always increasing in the market. For that reason, this business can still be taken into business with a good prospect.
Knowing More About Mud Crab
Mud crabs have common legs and swimming legs. When they are in the sea waters to crave these crabs use their swimming legs to go to the sea. Common legs are used when they are at the bottom of muddy brackish waters. The difference between male and female mud crabs can be seen easily. Male mud crab has the lower abdominal shape of the body which is a pointed triangular. While female mud crab has widened triangular. Mud crabs consist of several known species, Scylla serrata, Scylla oceanica and Scylla tranquebaria. Of the three species that are widely cultivated in Indonesia, which is Scylla serrata type. This species has a faster growth rate than other types of mud crabs. Also, the level of resistance is higher and especially the price is higher than other species.
Mud crabs often live in mangrove areas to self-protect, find food and grow. Mud crabs will do mating in the brackish waters (mangrove area). While the female mud crabs will do spawning in the ocean. After the eggs hatch, the initial phase of the mud crab is called Zoea. That phase will live by following the flow towards the coastal waters. After that, it grows into Megalopa which will live in the estuary (brackish) waters until the mangrove area. After that, it will grow into young crabs that get nutrients in mangrove waters. With those nutrients, so it can grow into adult crabs.
How To Cultivate Or Farming Mud Crab
In this mud crab cultivation or farming business, it takes several steps and equipment to be prepared. The first thing that must be prepared is a container that will be used to breed crab cattle later. The container can use bamboo or plastic boxes. After the container that will be used for breeding already exists then start the next stage, which is the cultivation or farming technique phase. In this stage, you must pay close attention to the enlargement of the seeds that are carried out. That is so important because the main purpose of this seed is to get the weight that is ready to eat. That weight is about 200 grams.
The cultivation or farming process can use traditional techniques so that later can be extensive, this technique is to prepare ponds such as shrimp or milkfish cultivation. Size or area of the pond that can be used is 100 m² to 0.5 Ha with seedlings of about 2 m². You can make a cage around the embankment of the pond for this cultivation or farming. That thing must be done so those cultivated do not come out easily of the pond.
The next thing to do is feeding tips, this is very important because it relates to the growing. Feed that can be given can be bulk fish, you can use this fish as a feed for crabs that are cultivated. There’s a reason to that because in addition to making a good crab also the price is absolutely cheap. Besides that, you can also give it feed to other breed cultivation such eels. In this endeavor, you must be patient and diligent in cultivation or farming. Life-size of the crab is also affected by the seed stocking density.
There is a possibility that the crab will prey on its own friends. You must know first the mud crab has cannibal characteristic. Because of that condition, so you must pay attention at all times. Almost all of mud crab breeders are troubled because of that characteristic condition. That just little information about the cultivation or farming of mud crabs. To make your mud crab farming process success, you must always diligent to check the breed. Hopefully, this information can be useful for all of you.